Learning Activities
Kindergarten  Grade 3
Kinder Activity #1 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Geometry Investigations 
Learning Objectives:

● Standard K.G.5 Model and create shapes from components. 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants) 
Overview:

Teacher will show the IKOS sphere and tell the students that the IKOS pieces make a sphere. Place the IKOS in boxes and allow the students to investigate the pieces and figure out how to put them together in small groups or pairs.
After all the students have had a few opportunity to investigate the IKOS pieces the teacher will show the students how the pieces fit together like a puzzle (as a whole group).
Students will investigate with the IKOS pieces again in small groups or pairs. 
Explore 
Ask: Can you (the students) make a sphere out of these pieces? 1. Students will investigate the IKOS pieces. 2. Students will try to make a sphere out of the IKOS pieces.

Assess 
Teacher will observe the students investigations. 
Kinder Activity #2 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Counting 
Learning Objectives:

● Standard K.CC.4 Undertand the relationship between numbers and quanitities; connect counting to cardinality. 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants) ● Small piece of paper per box of IKOS pieces 
Overview:

As a whole group, the teacher will show the class am IKOS sphere and ask the students how many pieces they think are need to make a sphere. The students will estimate the number of pieces they think are needed. The teacher will show the class a box of IKOS pieces (a complete set to make a sphere) and tell the students that they need to count the number of pieces that are in the box, write that number on the paper and then take those pieces and make a sphere. Then the students will construct a sphere in pairs or small groups. 
Explore 
Ask: How many pieces do you think are needed to make a sphere? 1. Students will estimate how many they think are needed. 2. Then they will start counting in pairs or small groups. 3. Construct an IKOS sphere. 
Assess 
Teacher will check the number on the paper. Teacher will see if the students could put the sphere together on their own. 
Kinder Activity #3 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Measurement and Data 
Learning Objectives:

● Standard K.MD.1 Describe measurable attributes of objects, such as length. 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants) ● Paper to record measurements of IKOS pieces and sphere circumference. 
Overview:

Teacher will explain and demonstrate to the class what measurement is. How you can measure with a ruler, with a string, with paper clips. As a whole class they will measure many different objects with a string and then compare the lengths of the strings for the different objects. Then the students will give each pair of students a IKOS sphere and ask them to measure it’s circumference both vertically and horizontally.
Students (in pairs) will measure the sphere with a string.

Explore 
Ask: What is the circumference of the IKOS sphere? 1. Students will measure the IKOS sphere using a string and compare the two measurements.

Assess 
Teacher will observe the students’ measurements. 
Kinder Activity #4 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Geometry 
Learning Objectives:

● Standard K.G.3 Identify shapes as twodimensional or threedimensional. 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants) ● Other twodimensional pieces ● Other threedimensional pieces. 
Overview:

Small Group Activity Teacher will prepare a number of IKOS spheres in a collections of IKOS pieces that don’t make a sphere. Teacher can add other twodimensional shapes and threedimensional shapes to create more sorting opportunities and shape recognition. Students will be instructed to sort the twodimensional pieces from the 3dimensional pieces.

Explore 
Ask: Which objects are twodimensional and which ones are threedimensional? 1. Students will sort twodimensional and threedimensional shapes.

Assess 
Teacher will assess the final sorting groups. 
Kinder Activity #5 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Bowling 
Learning Objectives:

● Science: Standard 3: Objective 1 – Identify how nonliving things move. 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants) ● Bowling pins or something for the students to knock down. ● Score keeping sheet 
Overview:

Small Group Activity Students will form teams. Each team will take turns knocking down the bowling pins. 1^{st} – roll the sphere slowly with one hand. 2^{nd} – roll the sphere quickly with one hand. 3^{rd} – roll the sphere by pushing it with two hands. 4^{th} – roll the sphere by kicking it with foot. 5^{th} – roll the sphere by blowing it. With each type of roll count how many pins were knocked down. Keep track of the number of pins knocked down each time and then add them up at the end. 
Explore 
Ask: Which type of rolling knocked down the most pins? Which type of rolling knocked down the least? How many pins were knocked down by each team? Which team had the most pins knocked down? 1. Students will bowl using the sphere in small teams.

Assess 
Teacher will collect their score keeping sheet. 
1^{st} Grade Activity #1 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Operations and Algebraic Thinking 
Learning Objectives:

● Math Standard: 1.OA.5 Relate counting to addition and subtraction. 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants) ● Addition sheet 
Overview:

Small Group activity – 45 students in the group. Each student will count how many IKOS pieces are needed to make a sphere. Each student will put a sphere together. They will then add up all the IKOS pieces to make all the spheres. 
Explore 
Ask: How many IKOS pieces are needed to make 4 spheres? (if they have 4 students in the group)

1^{st} Grade Activity #2 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Operations and Algebraic Thinking 
Learning Objectives:

● Math Standard: 1.G.2.b Compose threedimensional shapes. 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants. 
Overview:

Individual – Students will compose a sphere using the IKOS pieces. 
Explore 
Ask: Can you compose a sphere?

1^{st} Grade Activity #3 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Measurement and Data 
Learning Objectives:

● Math Standard: 1.MD.2 Express the length of an object as a whole number of lengths units, by laying multiple copies of a shorter object (the length unit) end to end. 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS spheres (number depending on how many participants. ● A chart of objects to measure using the sphere. 
Overview:

Students will measure a number of objects to see how many spheres are needed. For example how many sphere are needed in the length of the teachers’ desk? Students will document their measurements of the objects indicated on the chart. The students will work in small groups. 
Explore 
Ask: How many spheres are in the length of ….?

1^{st} Grade Activity #4 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Physical Science 
Learning Objectives:

● Standard 3 Objective 1 a. – Describe, classify and communicate observations about the motion of objects. 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS spheres (number depending on how many participants. ● Threedimensional Shapes (cube, cone, pyramid…) ● Chart to Document Data 
Overview:

Students will take their threedimensional shapes and communicate what they think will happen with they push their object on the ground from point A to point B. Students will document the distance and direction each object went. They will discuss as a whole class if their first guesses were correct or if the objects behaved differently than they expected. 
Explore 
Ask: How far will a sphere roll? How far will a cube roll? In what directions will each shape travel? (Will they be able to reach point B from point A?) 
1^{st} Grade Activity #5 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Physical Science 
Learning Objectives:

● Standard 3 Objective 2 b. – Predictable measurable properties….whether objects sink or float. 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS spheres (number depending on how many participants. ● Other objects to be tested if they sink or float (office supplies, fruit, other shapes…) ● Chart to Document Data 
Overview:

Whole Class Activity – Sink/Float Teacher will hold up an object and ask the students if they think it will sink or float. Students will write down on their chart what they predict (sink or float). Teacher will put object in the water and show the students that it sinks or floats. Students will write down what occurred. This will be repeated with many objects including the IKOS sphere and it’s separate pieces. Teacher will ask, “Why _____ floated or sank?” 
Explore 
Ask: Will this sink or float? Why?

2^{nd} Grade Activity #1 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Math 
Learning Objectives:

● Standard 2.G.3 Partition circles in to two, three, or four equals shares: describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, or a third of, etc; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants) ● 
Overview:

Students will collect 20 IKOS pieces of differing colors to make a pattern. They can choose an AB, ABC,

2nd Grade Activity #2 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Math 
Learning Objectives:

● Standard 2.MD.3 Estimate lengths using units of inches, feet, centimeters, and meters. 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants) ● 
Overview:

1. Students will stack the IKOS pieces as high as they can go until the tower falls over. 2. They will then measure how high they were able to build the tower in inches, feet, centimeters and meters. 3. Students will record their results. 






Category: Math 

● Standard 2.G.3 Partition circles in to two, three, or four equals shares: describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, or a third of, etc; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. 

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants) ● 

1. Students will create an IKOS sphere (all in the same color). 2. They will look at the sphere and estimate how many cotton balls can fit inside a whole sphere. 3. Students will create ½ a sphere and estimate how many cotton balls can fit in ½ a sphere. 4. Then they will put the cotton balls in ½ a sphere and count how many it can fit. They will compare it to their estimate. 5. They will then fill the sphere up with cotton balls and compare their estimate with the actual amount they used. 6. Students will compare how the amount that filled ½ a sphere and a whole sphere.. was it twice as much? Why or why not? 
2^{nd} Grade Activity #4 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Science 
Learning Objectives:

● Standard 3 Objective 1 Communicate observations about falling objects. 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants) ● 
Overview:

1. Students will create an IKOS sphere. 2. They will drop their IKOS sphere from different heights until the IKOS sphere breaks apart completely (starting at 1 foot). 3. Document each drop and what happened. 
Explore 
Ask: At what height does the IKOS sphere break?

2^{nd} Grade Activity #5 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Science 
Learning Objectives:

● Standard 3 Objective 1 Communicate observations about falling objects. 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants) ● Objects to fill the IKOS sphere 
Overview:

1. Students will create 2 IKOS sphere. 2. Fill the IKOS spheres with different items (cotton balls, paper clips, cubes…etc.) 3. Drop each ball from the same height at the same time and observe what happens. 4. Fill the spheres with different objects and drop them again. (repeat 45 times) 3. Document each drop and what happened. 
Explore 
Ask: What happens when spheres are dropped at the same time with different objects inside? 
3^{rd} Grade Activity #1 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Science 
Learning Objectives:

● Standard 3 Objective 1 – Show that objects at rest will not move unless a force is applied to them. 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants) ● Cubes 
Overview:

1. Students will build IKOS Spheres. 2. They will compare the movement of cubes and spheres without force being applied to them. 3. Students will place the objects on a flat tile/laminate floor. Compare what each object does. 4. Students will place them on carpet. Compare what each object does. 5. Students will place them on a slanted surface. Compare what each object does. 6. Students will find other surfaces to place the objects on and compare how each object behaved. 
Explore 
Ask: Do objects move when a force is not applied to them? How do objects move? 

3^{rd} Grade Activity #2 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Science 
Learning Objectives:

● Standard 3 Objective 2 – Predict and observe what happens when a force is applied to an object (eg wind, flowing water…) 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants) 
Overview:

1. Students will build IKOS Spheres. 2. Students will apply different forces to the sphere and document the direction the sphere moves to and how far. 
Explore 
Ask: What happens when you apply a force to the sphere? 
Investigate 

3^{rd} Grade Activity #3 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Science 
Learning Objectives:

Standard 3 Objective 2 – Conduct a simple investigation to show what happens when objects of various weights collide with one another (e.g., marbles, balls). 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants) 
Overview:

1. Students will build an IKOS sphere and put a variety of objects inside them (one sphere has cotton balls, one has marbles, one has modeling clay…etc.) 2. Students will crash the IKOS spheres together and document what happens to them.

Explore 
Ask: What happens when you crash IKOS spheres of different weights together? 
Investigate 

3^{rd} Grade Activity #4 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Math 
Learning Objectives:

● Standard 3.G.2 Partition shapes into parts with equal areas. Express the area of each part as a unit fraction of the whole. 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants) ● Molding clay 
Overview:

1. Students will create ½ an IKOS sphere. 2. Students will fill each ½ of the IKOS sphere with molding clay. 3. They will identify each part of the IKOS sphere as ½. 4. Students will repeat step 2. 5. Students will remove the clay and divide each ½ into equal halves and identify each part as ¼. 6. Explain to another group what you did.

Explore 
Ask: Can you divide a sphere into equal parts?

Investigate 

3^{rd} Grade Activity #5 

The Power of Spheres 
Category: Math 
Learning Objectives:

● Standard 3.MD.2 Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), milliliters (ml), and liters (l)… 
Resources (to be gathered before students arrive):

Supplies: ● IKOS pieces (number depending on how many participants) ● Open cube that is the same height and width of the sphere 
Overview:

1. Students will estimate how much water an IKOS sphere can hold using appropriate mathematical formulas. 2. Students will put the IKOS sphere in a gallon size bag and squeeze it tightly around the sphere. 3. Students will add water to the sphere until it is full. 4. Students will remove the sphere from the bag and pour the water into a container to measure the amount of the water that filled the sphere. 5. Students will record how much water the sphere can hold. 6. Students will fill a cube that has the same height and width of the sphere with water. 7. Students will record how much water the cube can hold and compare it with the amount the sphere could hold. 
Explore 
Ask: How much water can an IKOS sphere hold. What holds more water, the sphere or the cube.

Investigate 
